If you want to make the most of your money, avoiding unnecessary fees should simply be part of your everyday routine.
Some fees are obvious, like ATM fees, so it’s just resisting the convenience of using any ATM around and finding one nearby that won’t charge you the extra fee.
And then there are some that aren’t so obvious, or people just don’t realize they can be avoided — including one that’s costing Americans billions of dollars every year!
Overdraft fees cost Americans $11.2 billion last year
According to the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB), banks made about $11.2 billion in overdraft and non-sufficient fund fees in 2015.
And at $35 a pop, it’s not that surprising that banks were able to rake in that much.
The way it works is if you make a transaction that drops your account balance below zero, the bank covers the difference.
These overdraft protection programs typically cover checks, recurring online transactions, debit card transactions, and in some cases, everyday debit card and ATM transactions.
Most U.S. banks (84% of the largest) allow customers to overdraw their accounts when they don’t have enough money in there to cover a transaction, according to a report by the Pew Charitable Trusts.
And the $35 fee typically isn’t caused by a big purchase — the CFPB found that the median transaction amount that generates this type of fee is just $50 — and for debit card transactions, a mere $24.
Some 10 million Americans don’t even use a bank account, simply because of fees. According to Pew, 31% of people without a bank account “reported high or unpredictable account fees as one reason for not having an account; 13% said it was the primary reason.”
Consumers’ lack of trust and understanding of the banking system in general is a big problem in the U.S., which is why Pew and other groups are pushing for new rules that would help protect customers against banks’ costly practices, which very often aren’t clearly communicated.
“Pew urges the CFPB to write new rules to ensure that overdraft programs are safe and designed only for infrequent and accidental occurrences. The bureau could achieve this outcome in a number of ways including, by limiting the size of overdraft fees, the frequency with which they can be incurred, or the overall cost.”
How to avoid overdraft fees
A big part of the problem is that many consumers don’t realize they can opt out of “overdraft protection” — which is just the banks’ way of saying they’ll “protect” you by paying for something you can’t and charging you a huge fee for the “service.”
In fact, Pew found that more than two-thirds of people who consistently overdraw their account would rather have the transaction declined, but they didn’t know that was an option.
If you don’t want to risk getting charged overdraft fees, you have the right to refuse overdraft protections. Just contact your bank and tell them you want to opt out.
If you don’t have enough money in your account to cover a purchase, the transaction will be declined — but you will avoid owing the bank the difference in the amount plus the extra $35 fee.
A lot of people are enrolled in overdraft protection without even realizing it. So if you aren’t sure, it’s important to check with your bank. And even if you are signed up for it, you can always opt out at any time!